CASAUBON, Isaac

(1559-1614)
A leading scholar and teacher, the French classicist and Protestant theologian Isaac Casaubon epitomizes the spirit of Renaissance humanism and the Refor­mation. Born to French Huguenot refugees in Geneva, Casaubon was educated, until age eighteen, by his father. Then he attended the Academy of Geneva, where his work as a classical scholar earned him an appointment to teach Greek. He remained in Geneva until 1596, becoming acquainted with many who visited this Swiss Calvinist center. In 1596, after the Edict of Nantes granted civil rights and limited freedom of worship to French Protestants, Casaubon taught at the University of Montpellier. At this time Casaubon produced his editions of and commentaries on the classical authors Diogenes Laertius, Athenaeus, Theophras-tus, and Aristotle.
In 1600 Casaubon, called to the court of France, was named one of the Prot­estant commissioners to judge the accuracy of the patristic quotations in a trea­tise against the Mass. Protestant scholars blamed Casaubon for siding with Catholic commissioners in this controversy, a decision that plagued Casaubon for much of his life. When he was presented to Henri IV by Catholics eager for Casaubon's conversion, he was denied a professorship at the Royal College because he refused to convert, but was granted a post at the Royal Library. Within a few years, throughout northern Europe, Casaubon's reputation as a scholar spread.
Because of his study of early Christian theology and Catholic pressure on him to convert, Casaubon became disillusioned with Calvinist doctrine and at­tracted to the Church of England. When Henri IV's assassination in 1610 height­ened religious unrest, Casaubon accepted the invitation of Richard Bancroft, archbishop of Canterbury, to come to England. Warmly received by James I,* Lancelot Andrewes* (bishop of Ely), and others, Casaubon was converted to the Church of England and was given a living at Canterbury Cathedral. Although he kept his appointment in France, he took English citizenship in 1611 and never returned to France. He spent his last years writing to defend the English church against Catholicism and refuting the massive anti-Protestant history of Christianity, Annales ecclesiastici (Annals of the Church) by Cesare Baronio. He died in London and was buried in Westminster Abbey. Casaubon's involve­ment in religious controversy as he was torn between continental Calvinists and Catholics and his excellence in the activities Renaissance humanists promoted - the edition of and commentary on classical texts—both testify to his stature as a noteworthy figure.
Bibliography
M. Pattison, Isaac Casaubon, 1559-1614, 2nd ed., 1892.
Al Geritz

Renaissance and Reformation 1500-1620: A Biographical Dictionary. . 2001.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Casaubon, Isaac — ▪ French scholar born Feb. 18, 1559, Geneva [Switzerland] died July 1, 1614, London, Eng.       French classical scholar and theologian who was one of the leading scholars of the era.       Casaubon was born to French Huguenot refugees. Three… …   Universalium

  • Casaubon, Isaac — (1559 1614)    French classical scholar, regarded as the most skilled Hellenist of his time. A Protestant in religion, he taught Greek in Geneva and at the University of Montpellier and in 1600 was invited to the French court, where he became… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • CASAUBON, ISAAC —    an eminent classical scholar and commentator, born in Geneva; professor of Greek at Geneva and Montpellier, and afterwards of belles lettres at Paris, invited thither by Henry IV., who pensioned him; being a Protestant he removed to London on… …   The Nuttall Encyclopaedia

  • Isaac Casaubon — Nacimiento …   Wikipedia Español

  • Isaac Casaubon — (February 18 1559 ndash; July 1 1614) was a classical scholar and philologist, first in France and then later in England, regarded by many of his time as the most learned in Europe.Early lifeHe was born in Geneva to two French Huguenot refugees.… …   Wikipedia

  • Isaac Casaubon — (* 18. Februar 1559 in Genf; † 1. Juli 1614 in London) war gelehrter Protestant und bedeutender Humanist. Isaac Casaubon wurde in Genf als Sohn hugenottischer Flüchtlinge geboren. Nach Erlass …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Isaac Casaubon — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Casaubon. Isaac Casaubon Isaac Casaubon, né à Genève le 18 février 1559 et mort à Lo …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Casaubon — Cette page d’homonymie répertorie les différents sujets et articles partageant un même nom. Casaubon Isaac Casaubon (1559 1614), humaniste et érudit suisse ; Méric Casaubon (1599 1671), écrivain britannique, fils du précédent. Catégories :… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Casaubon — may mean:* Isaac Casaubon (1559 1614), French classical scholar * Méric Casaubon (1599 1671), French English classical scholar, son of Isaac * Edward Casaubon, character in Middlemarch , 1871–72 novel by George Eliot * Casaubon (no first name… …   Wikipedia

  • Casaubon — (spr. sobóng), Isaac, Philolog, geb. 18. Febr. 1559 in Genf, gest. 12. Juli 1614 in London, studierte 1578 in Genf, ward 1582 Lehrer des Griechischen daselbst, verheiratete sich 1385 mit einer Tochter von H. Stephanus, nahm 1596 eine Professur zu …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon


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